The Tamil Nadu Farmers Protest was a protest against the Bhartiya Janata Party -led central government by farmers from Tamil Nadu demanding waiver of their farm loans among other demands due to crop failures. The protests started after the — Drought in Tamil Naduwhich was caused after a worst rainfall to the state after years. This led to many farmers committing suicides and dying of heart attacks.
Feminist thought has been around for over a century now, bringing to light the lives and struggles of women and gender minorities.
Feminists, both online and offline, continue to be dismissed, discredited and threatened with violence for demanding rights and speaking truth to power. They do not attempt to address the patriarchal structures that cause this disparity.
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They have underscored that feminist methodology should not be restricted to a small niche of knowledge production. And, as a result of efforts by women and gender minorities within the academy, a larger of researchers and activists have applied feminist methodology on disciplines ranging from labour economics to public health in the last decade.
This lens is effective because it provides a more comprehensive, critical, and thorough understanding of social, political, economic, and cultural processes. Feminists have not restricted themselves Nude women farming critiquing one structure of oppression patriarchybut have sought to understand how it functions in tandem with capitalism, caste structures, religion, and heteronormativity.
However, while there is an increasing acknowledgement that multiple systems of oppression operate in tandem and affect women and gender minorities from different social locations differently, those who conduct and gain from research continue to be predominately cis-heterosexual, upper-caste, middle-class, able-bodied women. However, it is being challenged in more public and creative ways by young Dalit, transgender and Adivasi feminist scholars and activists.
On the other hand, there has been a resurgence of Savarna cis male backlash against the progress made by feminists. In this interactive, we have mapped the issues that feminists in India have tackled in the last decade. This debate kit is not exhaustive but provides a panoramic view of the landscape through articles published in the Economic and Political Weekly from onwards.
From the Supreme Court to households, savarna, cis-men continue to hold a disproportionate of decision-making positions in institutions and social structures. The violence perpetrated by cis men is not accidental to such an arrangement.
Rather, it is a result of unequal structures of power and ensures that challenges to the established order are effectively curtailed. A staggering Yet, only Reports of acid attacks by cis men have also been on the rise, with a total of cases in both and Such a justification relies on the widely held belief that the family is a sanctimonious space free from violence and force against women and gender minorities.
The prevalence of marital rape and domestic violence belies this belief, given given that almost one Nude women farming three women between the ages of 15—49 in India has experienced physical or sexual violence by their husbands and family members. The legal process compels women and gender minorities to relive traumatic experiences and jump through bureaucratic hurdles in their search for ability and redress. Feminist groups have, nevertheless, persisted and made claims to the state and other institutions to deliver on their avowed promises of justice and equality.
They have not only documented and resisted routine forms of violence that are normalised in the private and public spheres, but have also led the charge against heinous crimes that have jolted the "public conscience. Indian women spend almost six hours every day doing unpaid domestic work, which is six times more than men do.
Women are compelled to shoulder this disproportionate burden of work, which includes cooking, cleaning, and caring for children and the elderly.
This also holds true for domestic workers, primarily women, who perform such labour in the homes of others; and are poorly paid, mistreated, and discriminated against. In the past decade, there have been large-scale mobilisations by women and workers from gender-minority communities for fair remuneration, equal division of labour within and outside the household, social security provisions, and sexual harassment- and discrimination-free workplaces.
Community health workers and child-care centre workers have led massive strikes in Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, demanding remuneration rights as workers.
Despite these struggles, there was a steep dip in the percentage of women in the waged labour force, from Among emerging economies, India has one of the poorest ratios of women in the waged labour force. The Agriculture Census —16 indicates that while Land ownership, which symbolises power and material wealth, has been grossly skewed in favour of men.
While prevalent patriarchal norms prevent women from inheriting ancestral property, the lack of a concrete legal framework also adds to the problem. Succession, inheritance, and ownership rights for women are made contingent upon religion and marital status, among other factors, and consequently, they escape constitutional scrutiny. The Indian government recently petitioned the Supreme Court to repeal a judgment that made women eligible for the same benefits as men in the army. Instead, the government expects the electorate to celebrate the outlawing of the practice of triple talaq, even as the lived experiences of both Muslim and Nude women farming women have seen little improvement.
Are Women Liars? Inthe World Health Organization estimated that women died every day from preventable complications that arose during childbirth.
While a large of these deaths are due to the absence of adequate healthcare infrastructure and a lack of medical knowledge, the patriarchal structures that deny women timely medical interventions cannot be ignored. In rural India, issues of access are even starker. Here, adequate medical infrastructure is a luxury. Women are still forced to walk miles to reach a healthcare institute, where the resources are questionable and the prevalence of quacks remains a worry.
Moreover, patriarchy makes reporting instances of sexual violence difficult. When the perpetrator is a family member, methods of redressal are few.
Sexual health and sexual choices of women in general, and unmarried women in particular, are stigmatised. Access to safe abortions remains elusive.
The national commission for protection of child rights has sought a report from the damoh district administration on the incident.
Those who dare to defy societal norms and marry outside their caste or religion are socially ostracised and, in some cases, persecuted. When married, women are expected to bear children and perform labour within the household, along with caring for the sick and the elderly. Regardless of economic status, they are also harrassed to provide a dowry; the ordeal claiming the lives of about 20 women every day. Women, especially those with educational attainment, move out of their natal homes to seek gainful employment, but are often compelled to relinquish this after marriage.
Legal reforms to improve marriage and kinship structures in India have been slow. However, the actual focus is on othering Muslim women, men, and gender minorities. We Too! There has been a steady rise in the of women occupying political offices the world over.
Rwanda, at Indian politics, on the other hand, is marked by a gross underrepresentation of women in leadership positions; India is ranked among countries. The of women in the Lok Sabha grew from 52 into 64 inand 78 in Despite the fact that the BJP enjoys a majority in the Lok Sabha, the government has put the bill on the backburner. Our democracies cannot not live up to their ideals of equality and equity if women, who roughly constitute half the population, are kept out of power structures and decision-making processes.
The political empowerment of women has a far-reaching transformative potential beyond the realm of gender parity.
Research suggests that societies that provide the same opportunities to men and women are more peaceful, prosperous, and develop faster than those that do not believe in gender equality. The perception that politics is dirty, where unethical practices are employed to grab power and corruption is rampant, is one of the main reasons that discourage women from ing politics.
Caste, class, religion, geospatial divides, literacy, and economic factors, among others, play a ificant role in determining which set of women make the cut for leadership positions in politics. Given this, whether or not these rising s of women in Parliament indicate meaningful political representation remains debatable. Feminists have viewed the body as a site of violence, regulation, surveillance, as well as a site of resistance, sustenance, and knowledge. These conceptions of femininity and beauty have come to be challenged in the last decade.
On the matter of sexual and bodily autonomy, there have been landmark judicial rulings that have had an impact on the lives of gender and sexual minorities. Judicial rulings in the last decade have also oscillated between affirming the fundamental rights of transgender persons and their right to self-identification, and reimposing state-led scrutiny on and policing them through the recent Transgender Rights Act, Education is the key to social transformation.
It inspires curiosity, imparts knowledge about social and scientific phenomena, as well as the history of students' diverse embedded contexts, and provides them with tools to solve complex challenges towards achieving equity. Early Bahujan feminists such as Savtribai Phule recognised this transformative power and struggled against discriminatory structures to create educational opportunities for women and Bahujans.
In the decades since her activism, access to education for women and gender minorities remains curtailed. As a result of such work, the of women enrolling in higher education programmes in India has increased. Patriarchal beliefs require women to marry early and this obstructs their ability to complete the prerequisite degrees to consequently access formal employment. Is Feminism about 'Women'? A Critical View on Intersectionality from India.
View the discussion thread. Feminism in the Last Decade: An Interactive. What has been the focus of the feminist movement in the last decade? Click on each theme in the protest march below to explore the debates. Violence and Power From the Supreme Court to households, savarna, cis-men continue to hold a disproportionate of decision-making positions in institutions and social structures.
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No Country for Transgenders? Anuvinda P and Tiruchi Siva Sujatha Subramanian Divya Arya Land and Labour Indian women spend almost six hours every day doing unpaid domestic work, which is six times more than men do. Paavni Anand Navanita Sinha and Yamini Mishra Law and Justice The Indian government recently petitioned the Supreme Court to repeal a judgment that made women eligible for the same benefits as men in the army.
Implementing or Ignoring the Law on Sexual Harassment? Anagha Sarpotdar ,